- Written by Queen Munguti for KenyaKidz
Pregnant women who experience joints pain, should do not worry about it being a serious medical condition as it is because of their bodies are adjusting to the growing baby in the stomach.
“In most cases the joints pain is caused by the body adjusting to the increase in weight and the growing stomach,” said Betty Mutuio, a nurse at a local hospital.
“The body will also produce a hormone called relaxin that lubricates the body’s ligament preparing the body for childbirth. However it is encouraged for pregnant women to do some light exercise such as walking in order to make the joints flexible.”
For the back pain, which most pregnant women experience, it is due to the compressing of the vertebrae as the baby grows
"As the baby grows during pregnancy, the mother's center of gravity shifts forward, placing more strain on the lower back. The result of this extra pressure is often an exaggeration of the lumbar spine's natural inward curve. This can result in the vertebrae compressing and the lower back muscles shortening, both of which can cause pain,” said Damla Karsan Dryden, M.D, an obstetrician in the US in an interview with parenting website, parent.com in article titled, What Causes Lower Back Pain in Pregnancy
The swelling of feet during pregnancy, which is a normal occurrence during pregnancy, has been found to be due to the retention of fluids in veins below the knees.
“Changes in blood chemistry during pregnancy causes some fluid to shift into the tissues, and by the third trimester, the weight of the growing baby puts so much pressure on the pelvic veins and the vena cava forcing fluid retention below the knees causing swelling of the feet,” said Andree Gruslin, the interim chair of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Ottawa and Ottawa Hospital in a interview with family website todaysparents.
Despite pregnancy back pain, joints pain and swelling of the feet being normal, it is advisable for pregnant women to seek medical advice if soreness or swelling persists.